Simple Cuboidal Epithelium Function, Epithelial Tissue Structure, Location and Slides

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Simple Cuboidal Epithelium Definition

Simple cuboidal epithelium cells are roughly as tall as they are wide they are cube-like and their greater thickness allows their cytoplasm to be rich in mitochondria and other organelles because they are involved in a high level of active transport across the epithelium and they also perform other functions.

Simple cuboidal epithelium is similar to simple columnar epithelium, but for the fact that the height of the cells is about the same as their width and their nuclei are usually rounded.

Where is Simple Cuboidal Epithelium Found?

Simple cuboidal epithelium lines the secretory elements of many glands and cuboidal epithelial tissue with a prominent brush border is seen in the proximal convoluted tubules of the kidneys.

Slide showing simple cuboidal epithelial cells how the epithelial cells are cuboidal in section and hexagonal in surface view
Slide showing simple cuboidal epithelial cells how the epithelial cells are cuboidal in section and hexagonal in surface view

 

Simple Cuboidal Epithelium Location

  1. Follicles of the thyroid gland
  2. Straight descending part of the proximal tubule (the initial segment of the loop of Henle)
  3. The rete testis – each of the component cells bears short microvilli and a single cilium on the apical surface. The simple cuboidal epithelium lies on a delicate basal lamina. The channels of the rete testis are surrounded by a dense bed of vascular connective tissue.
  4. The smallest branches of the ducts in the breast are lined by simple cuboidal epithelium
  5. The alveolar walls of the breast
  6. Terminal bronchioles in the lungs are lined by simple cuboidal epithelium consisting mainly of Clara cells, which have innate immune and surfactant secretory functions
  7. Covering of the Ovary (germinal epithelium)
  8. Mucosa that lines the middle ear cavity
  9. Choroid plexuses of the ventricles in the brain
  10. The inner surface of the eye lens
  11. The pigment cell layer of the retina
  12. Pancreatic acini

What is the Function of Simple Cuboidal Epithelium?

The main function of simple cuboidal epithelium is for quick secretion especially in glands and also in absorption.

Simple Cuboidal Epithelium showing the appearance of cells – appearing cuboidal in section and hexagonal in surface view.jpg

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