Ocean Salinity: Meaning, Average Salinity of Ocean Why is the Ocean Salty, Factors Affecting Salinity of the Ocean

What is Salinity? Salinity is simply defined as the degree of saltiness or concentration of salt in oceans. Or it is the amount of dissolved solids in seawater. Sea water contains mineral salts, the main ones being sodium chloride which is same as table salt, calcium bicarbonate which provide marine organisms with calcium carbonate essential … Read more

Solar Insolation, Meaning, Intensity and Factors Affecting Insolation

What is Insolation Insolation is defined as the total amount of heat energy received from the sun during the day. It is measured by the amount of solar energy received per square centimeter per minute. Insolation affects temperature, the highest insolation is received atnoon, hence the more the intensity of insolation, the higher the temperature. … Read more

The Tropics: Meaning, Characteristics, Tropical Climate and Countries

Tropics is the word derived generally from Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn, the parallels at a latitude of 230 which shows the outer limit of the areas where the sun can ever be in zenith. Tropical definition Tropic are the regions of the Earth around the equator, varying in width from about 400 to 600 in latitude; these areas … Read more

Environmental Degradation Causes, Types, Effects and Solution

What is Environmental Degradation? Environmental degradation is defined as any change or deterioration which causes severe harm to the natural environment through destruction of natural resources such as soil, water, and air including the ecosystem hence it is a decline in the quality of the natural environment. The rate of environmental impact varies with the cause, the habitat, and … Read more